As property ownership developed, real estate has also become a major area of business. Selling, renting and development of properties, homes or buildings are the sources of profit in the real estates business. Buying or purchasing properties is a significant investment. Every parcel of land has its exclusive characteristics that this industry has evolved into many diverse fields.
No two properties are the same and at least differ each in their location. This is the heterogeneous nature of a property as an investment which led to the practice of developing an opinion in the value of a property, usually the market value. This practice is called Real estate appraisal, Property valuation or Land valuation. This appraisal, although no license or certification is required in some areas, is performed by a certified appraiser or property valuer.
In Real Property Brokerage, a party acts as intermediary between the seller and the buyer of a property. In the United States and Canada, this intermediary party is called a Real Estate Broker whose job is to find a seller who wishes to sell his property and buyers who wish to buy and invest on real estates. While in the United Kingdom, as Estate Agent refers to the person or organization who markets these properties on behalf of the clients.
Improving land or replacing buildings for use is called Real Estate Development. These developments is different from building as developers themselves do not build but act as coordinators of activities of converting ideas into real property. Developers buy land, performs the deals, build or have builders build projects, create, imagine, control and orchestrate the process of development from the beginning to end. They work with architects, city planners, engineers, surveyors, inspectors, contractors, leasing agents and more along each step of this process of development.
In addition to ‘rent’, a tenant is also required to pay a Net Lease. This payment covers some or all of the property expenses such as taxes on the property, insurance, maintenance, repairs, utilities and other items. A Net Lease may be single, double, triple or bondable.
Real Estates are operated by property management which may be commercial, industrial or residential. Property management encompasses all processes, systems and manpower necessary to manage an acquired property such as acquisition, control, accountability, maintenance, utilization, and disposition.
Real Estate Marketing focuses on managing the sales aspect of a business property. There are various ways by which on-sale properties could be advertised and promoted. There is the traditional newspaper classifieds where the property to be sold are listed and printed in newspaper and printed reading materials. Another marketing tool is printed brochure for distribution. There are also modern property advertisement such as building a dedicated website for the properties on-sale, posting the same properties in on-line ads or participating in social networks and bookmarks.
Real Estate Investing comprise the purchase, ownership, management, rental and/or sale of properties for profit. While Relocation Services refers to relocating or transferring people or business to a different location or country.
A Corporate Real Estate describes the real property held or used by a business enterprise for its organizational purposes including the corporate headquarters, branch offices and a number of manufacturing and retail sites.